Parthenon acropolis athens

In the opisthodomus the back room of the cella were stored the monetary contributions of the Delian League, of which Athens was the leading member. The colonnade surrounds an inner masonry structure, the cellawhich is divided into two compartments.

The blocks were carved and trimmed by hand on-site with meticulous precision—a necessity when building without mortar. The two-sloped wooden roof had marble tiles, marble palmette-shaped false antefixes along the edge of its long sides and false spouts in the shape of lion heads at the corners.

The building was burned and looted, along with the Ancient Temple and practically everything else on the rock. But there is more to discover. All experts agree that early on the Parthenon was used as a treasury. Architecture[ edit ] Floor plan of the Parthenon The Parthenon is a peripteral octastyle Doric temple with Ionic architectural features.

The Acropolis, and the Parthenon in particular, is the most characteristic monument of the ancient Greek civilisation. The most important buildings visible on the Acropolis today — the Parthenon, the Propylaiathe Erechtheion and the temple of Athena Nike — were erected during this period.

A flute is the concave shaft carved into the column form. Pediments of the Parthenon The traveller Pausaniaswhen he visited the Acropolis at the end of the 2nd century AD, only mentioned briefly the sculptures of the pediments gable ends of the temple, reserving the majority of his description for the gold and ivory statue of the goddess inside.

One interpretation is that it depicts an idealized version of the Panathenaic procession from the Dipylon Gate in the Kerameikos to the Acropolis. Conservation and restoration of the Parthenon took place in and again in The most amazing architectural achievement of Parthenon is the harmony of this massive building with the Attica landscape.

According to Pausanias, a wooden statue or xoanon of the goddess and a statue of Artemis made by Praxiteles during the 4th century BC were both in the sanctuary. It was dedicated to Athena Parthenos the Virginthe patron goddess of Athens.

Fragments of the sculptures in its pediments are in the Acropolis Museum. After winning at Eurymedon during BC, Cimon and Themistocles ordered the reconstruction of the southern and northern walls of the Acropolis.

Parthenon, Athens

It is believed that the corners of the pediment are filled by Athenian water deities, such as Kephisos river, Ilissos river and nymph Callirhoe.

Discount code for families and groups FMD: It was dedicated to Athena Parthenos the Virginthe patron goddess of Athens.

The Acropolis of Athens

It is recommended that you start your reading about the Parthenon and the Acropolis of Athens at the Acropolis of Athens page of the Hellenic Ministry of Culture. Note that children under 18 years old have free admission to the Acropolis and all the archaeological sites by showing ID or pass Beat the heat and the crowds by visiting the Acropolis early in the morning!


The experts discovered the metopes while processing 2, photos with modern photographic methods, as the white Pentelic marble they are made of differed from the other stone of the wall. Parthenon Frieze Phidias Showing the Frieze of the Parthenon to his Friends, painting by Lawrence Alma-Tadema The most characteristic feature in the architecture and decoration of the temple is the Ionic frieze running around the exterior walls of the cella, which is the inside structure of the Parthenon.

In this case, the ceiling and floor of the temple may seem to bow in the presence of the surrounding angles of the building. She identifies the central panel above the door of the Parthenon as the pre-battle sacrifice of the daughter of King Erechtheusa sacrifice that ensured Athenian victory over Eumolpos and his Thracian army.

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This fissure extended some 35 meters to a bed of soft marl in which a well was dug. This represents the very first Panathenaia set in mythical times, the model on which historic Panathenaic processions was based.

The appearance of this is known from other images. Constructed during the High Classical period, it is generally considered to be the culmination of the development of the Doric orderthe simplest of the three Classical Greek architectural orders. This building replaced a hekatompedon meaning "hundred-footer" and would have stood beside the archaic temple dedicated to Athena Polias "of the city".Parthenon, temple that dominates the hill of the Acropolis at was built in the mid-5th century bce and dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena Parthenos (“Athena the Virgin”).

The temple is generally considered to be the culmination of the development of the Doric order, the simplest of the three Classical Greek architectural orders. The Parthenon is the remains of a temple for the Greek goddess Athena, the patron goddess of the ancient City of Athens.

Acropolis: The Greek Parthenon

The Parthenon is a temple located on the Acropolis, a. The Parthenon was conceived in a way that the aesthetic elements allow for a smooth transition between the exterior and the interior that housed the chryselephantine statue of Athena. A visitor to the Acropolis who entered from the Propylaia would be confronted by the majestic proportion of the Parthenon in three quarters view, with full view of the west pediment and the north colonnade.

Acropolis: The Greek Parthenon. The Parthenon was a dedication of the Athenians to the protectress of the city, Virgin Athena, for the salvation of the city and the victories of Athens against the was built during BC and it belonged to the big construction program of Pericles which expressed the grandeur of the Athenians in its greatest peak.

The magnificent temple on the Acropolis of Athens, known as the Parthenon, was built between and BCE in the Age of Pericles, and it was dedicated.

Acropolis of Athens

The Acropolis hill (acro - edge, polis - city), so called the Sacred Rock of Athens, is the most important site of the city and constitutes one of the most recognizable monuments of the world. It is the most significant reference point of ancient G.

Parthenon acropolis athens
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